(Keyhole surgery) is where a fine telescopic camera and surgical instruments are introduced into the knee via very small incisions. Loose debris within the joint is removed. The rational of surgical treatment is to remove loose unstable parts of the joint, which may cause jamming, catching and subsequent inflammation when the joint moves.
The operation is usually used to treat cartilage tears of the knee and used to perform anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. For the majority of the cases the operation involves a general anaesthetic. The operation usually lasts half an hour and can be performed as a day-case procedure.
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Arthroscopic Knee Meniscectomy
The Arthroscopic Meniscectomy
procedure is used when you have damaged cartilage in your knee. An arthroscopic meniscectomy is a procedure in which the doctor uses an arthroscope and other tools to remove all or part of a damaged meniscus in the knee or, if possible, to repair a meniscus. A meniscus is a piece of rubbery tissue (fibrocartilage) between the bones of the knee joint. An arthroscope is a tube with a light at the end that projects an image of the inside of your knee onto a TV monitor. The arthroscope is about the diameter of a pencil.
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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Surgery
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries, usually occur from sports injuries or ski injuries. The tear of the anterior cruciate ligament, unfortunately cannot heal itself. In those cases where patients feel that the knee is unstable (despite physiotherapy) as a consequence of the injury the anterior cruciate ligament is substituted by alternative tissue (reconstruction)
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is an operation, where the original cruciate ligament is substituted by using the part of the patient’s own patella tendon or part of his or her hamstring tendons. The operation is performed arthroscopically (keyhole surgery) and can usually be performed as a day-case procedure.
Osteotomy is an operation to realign joints. Poorly aligned bones place excessive stress and strain through areas of a joint. This can predispose to and accelerate arthritis
. The purpose of osteotomy is to realign the joint, so that a more even distribution of weight can be carried through the joint. This often helps in relieving pain. Osteotomy is a treatment for very early arthritic change in a joint.